CC攻击与DDoS攻击的威胁:如何通过修改sysctl.conf内核规则来保护您的网站

该文章介绍如何使用ES文件浏览器通过SFTP连接服务器,并根据修改 /etc/sysctl.conf 文件来控制服务器流量进出,从而避免遭受小量的DDoS和CC攻击。同时,该修改还可以增加服务器安全性、管理流程与调整服务器性能等。

修改过程中,我们强烈建议您检查网络与进行备份,以避免因为操作不当导致服务器出现问题。本次修改是通过修改 /etc/sysctl.conf 内核规则达到流量控制的效果,具体操作如下:添加下面代码到 /etc/sysctl.conf

kernel.printk = 4 4 1 7 
kernel.panic = 10 
kernel.sysrq = 0 
kernel.shmmax = 4294967296 
kernel.shmall = 4194304 
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1 
kernel.msgmnb = 65536 
kernel.msgmax = 65536 
vm.swappiness = 20 
vm.dirty_ratio = 80 
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 5 
fs.file-max = 2097152 
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144 
net.core.rmem_default = 31457280 
net.core.rmem_max = 67108864 
net.core.wmem_default = 31457280 
net.core.wmem_max = 67108864 
net.core.somaxconn = 65535 
net.core.optmem_max = 25165824 
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh1 = 4096 
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh2 = 8192 
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh3 = 16384 
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_interval = 5 
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_stale_time = 120 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max = 10000000 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_loose = 0 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established = 1800 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_close = 10 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_close_wait = 10 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_fin_wait = 20 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_last_ack = 20 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_syn_recv = 20 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_syn_sent = 20 
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_time_wait = 10 
net.ipv4.tcp_slow_start_after_idle = 0 
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000 
net.ipv4.ip_no_pmtu_disc = 1 
net.ipv4.route.flush = 1 
net.ipv4.route.max_size = 8048576 
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_all=1
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = htcp 
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 65536 131072 262144 
net.ipv4.udp_mem = 65536 131072 262144 
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 33554432 
net.ipv4.udp_rmem_min = 16384 
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 87380 33554432 
net.ipv4.udp_wmem_min = 16384 
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 1440000 
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 0 
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 400000 
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_rfc1337 = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2 
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384 
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_fack = 1 
net.ipv4.tcp_ecn = 2 
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 10 
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600 
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 60 
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 10 
net.ipv4.tcp_no_metrics_save = 1 
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0 
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0 
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0 
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0 
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1

 

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